The Arts and Crafts movement was an international trend in the decorative and fine arts that developed earliest and most fully in the British Isles and subsequently spread across the British Empire and to the rest of Europe and America. Initiated in reaction against the perceived impoverishment of the decorative arts and the conditions in which they were produced, the movement flourished in Europe and North America between about 1880 and 1920. In Japan it emerged in the 1920s as the Mingei movement. It stood for traditional craftsmanship, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles of decoration. It advocated economic and social reform and was anti-industrial in its orientation. It had a strong influence on the arts in Europe until it was displaced by Modernism in the 1930s, and its influence continued among craft makers, designers, and town planners long afterwards.The term was first used by T. J. Cobden-Sanderson at a meeting of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society in 1887, although the principles and style on which it was based had been developing in England for at least 20 years. It was inspired by the ideas of architect Augustus Pugin, writer John Ruskin, and designer William Morris. In Scotland it is associated with key figures such as Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. (1861–1875) was a furnishings and decorative arts manufacturer and retailer founded by the artist and designer William Morris with friends from the Pre-Raphaelites. With its successor Morris & Co. (1875–1940) the firm's medieval-inspired aesthetic and respect for hand-craftsmanship and traditional textile arts had a profound influence on the decoration of churches and houses into the early 20th century.
Although its most influential period was during the flourishing of the Arts and Crafts Movement in the 1880s and 1890s, Morris & Co. remained in operation in a limited fashion from World War I until its closure in 1940. The firm's designs are still sold today under licences given to Sanderson & Sons, part of the Walker Greenbank wallpaper and fabrics business (which owns the "Morris & Co." brand) and to Liberty of London.
Webb is often called the father of the Arts & Crafts Movement, along with his friend William Morris. Burne-Jones was a British artist and designer who worked with William Morris on decorative arts as a founding partner in Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (Britain) Ford Madox Brown (Britain)
Rossetti was later to be the main inspiration for a second generation of artists and writers influenced by the movement, most notably William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones. Brown founded the Hogarth Club in 1858, with William Morris, Edward Burne-Jones, and his former pupil Rossetti
May Morris (Britain)
In 1887 T. J. Cobden-Sanderson (Britain)
In 1897 Cobden-Sanderson suggested the new group be named the "Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society," and in so doing gave the movement its name. (ENGLAND)
William Morris's Red House | Designed by his long time friend Edward Burne-Jones
William Morris's Kelmscott Manor
William Morris's Chaucer
William Morris | Hill House
William Morris | Hill House
Elbert Hubbard (North America) Gustav Stickley (North America)
31 South Grove Street
East Aurora, New York 14052
Roycroft was a reformist community of craft workers and artists which formed part of the Arts and Crafts movement in the United States. Elbert Hubbard founded the community in 1895, in the village of East Aurora, New York, near Buffalo. Participants were known as Roycrofters. The work and philosophy of the group, often referred to as the Roycroft movement, had a strong influence on the development of American architecture and design in the early 20th century.
The name "Roycroft" was chosen after the printers, Samuel and Thomas Roycroft, who made books in London from about 1650–1690. And beyond this, the word roycroft had a special significance to Elbert Hubbard, meaning King's Craft. In guilds of early modern Europe, king's craftsmen were guild members who had achieved a high degree of skill and therefore made things for the King. The Roycroft insignia was borrowed from the monk Cassiodorus, a 13th-century bookbinder and illuminator.
Elbert Hubbard had been influenced by the ideas of William Morris on a visit to England. He was unable to find a publisher for his book Little Journeys, so inspired by Morris's Kelmscott Press, decided to set up his own private press to print the book himself, founding Roycroft Press.
His championing of the Arts and Crafts approach attracted a number of visiting craftspeople to East Aurora, and they formed a community of printers, furniture makers, metalsmiths, leathersmiths, and bookbinders. A quotation from John Ruskin formed the Roycroft "creed":
A belief in working with the head, hand and heart and mixing enough play with the work so that every task is pleasurable and makes for health and happiness.
The Museum of the American Arts and Crafts Movement (MAACM) is the only museum in the world dedicated exclusively to the American Arts and Crafts movement. Founded by local philanthropist and collector Rudy Ciccarello, MAACM will be the city’s newest museum, featuring stunning architecture and incredible works of art ideally located in the beautiful waterfront arts district of downtown St. Petersburg.
Ciccarello, along with Alfonso Architects, designed and oversaw the incredible task of creating the Museum of the American Arts and Crafts Movement in St. Petersburg, Florida. The five-story, 137,000 square-foot= museum is a work of art itself, with incredible architectural elements such as a grand atrium, skylights, and a dramatic spiral staircase—all adorned with period art, light fixtures, windows, fireplaces, and more. MAACM features more than 40,000 square feet of gallery space, as well as a destination restaurant with private dining rooms, a retail store, an upscale café, a children’s gallery, a reference library, a theater, a graphic studio, a beautiful event space for weddings and corporate events, and an outdoor green space enhanced by original period tiles and fountains.
Emerging at the end of the Victorian era in England, the Arts and Crafts movement was fueled by anxieties about the quality of life in the industrial era and the rise of mass-produced goods. Arts and Crafts designers sought to reform both decorative design and daily life, creating objects that were beautiful and functional. In America, the Arts and Crafts movement spread across the country from approximately 1890-1930. The tenets of the movement – simplicity in design, honesty in materials, hand craftsmanship, and depicting the natural world – are still widely valued today.
The most important artists and enterprises of the American Arts and Crafts movement are represented at MAACM. Visit us to see fine examples of Gustav Stickley, Charles Rohlfs, Frank Lloyd Wright, the Roycrofters, William Grueby, Newcomb Pottery, Margaret Patterson, Greene and Greene, Louis Sullivan, and many other gifted craftsmen and women. Immerse yourself completely in the movement with furniture, pottery, tiles, lighting, textiles, photography, finearts, woodblocks, metalwork, period room installations, and more.
The Stickley Museum at Craftsman Farms is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization entrusted with oversight of the preservation,
interpretation and daily operation of Craftsman Farms, the early 20th-century country estate of Gustav Stickley. The museum works in partnership with the Township of Parsippany-Troy Hills, which owns the site and rescued the property from private development in 1989, putting it on a path to public use.
Formerly, The Craftsman Farms Foundation, Inc., the Stickley Museum at Craftsman Farms was formed in 1989. The property was designated a National Historic Landmark the following year. In 2019, the museum marked its 30th anniversary and is proud to welcome thousands of visitors from around the world to its interpretive programs, both onsite and online, each year.
The Craftsman was a magazine of the Arts and Crafts movement, edited by Gustav Stickley and published in New York in the early 20th century.The Craftsman published its first issue in October 1901, and its last in December 1916. It was absorbed by Art World in 1917.
Gustav Stickley was born in Wisconsin in 1857, the eldest of Leopold and Barbara Stickley's eleven children. He apprenticed to his stone mason father at a young age but dropped out of school and the trade when his father abandoned the family. By the time Gustav reached sixteen, the family had relocated to Pennsylvania to be near his mother's relatives. As the eldest child, he accepted the task of supporting the family, working at the Brandt Chair Company, owned by his uncle, where he became a manager and foreman. In 1883, he opened a furniture business with his brothers.
“As I can, not as I
Stickley signed each of his pieces with the Flemish phrase Als Ik Kan centered in a joiner’s compass. Stickley borrowed the phrase from Jan van Eyck, a 15th century Renaissance artist who signed his paintings with the personal motto Als Ik Kan, which is taken from the Flemish saying “As I can, not as I would.
Jack Butler Yeats (1871–1957, designer), Dun Emer Guild (maker), Sodality banner depicting Naomh Iarfhlaith (Saint Jarlath), 1904. St. Brendan’s Cathedral/Clonfert Diocesan Museum, Loughrea
Arts and Crafts Society of Ireland and Guild of Irish Art-Workers: Catalogue of the fourth exhibition - 1910.
Ethel Mary Rhind (c. 1878–1952, designer), Dun Emer Guild (maker), Smuainteach (Reverie), c. 1912–13.
National Museum of Ireland, Dublin
Cassandra Annie Walker (1875–1936, designer), Della Robbia Pottery (maker), Two-handled vase, 1904.
National Museum of Ireland, Dublin
Eva McKee (1890-1955), Panel (box lid) with peacocks, flowers, and Celtic interlace, c. 1920–25.